1. Disturbances in seabed slope which have occurred over short periods of time have caused scientists to believe ____ more extensive than at first thought.
    • A. that tectonic drift is
    • B. tectonic drifts
    • C. which tectonic drift
    • D. tectonic drifting
  2. ___ the manatee of south Florida is being pushed to the edge of extinction due to the invasion of its habitat by motorized boats has been shown by marine researchers.
    • A. In that
    • B. That
    • C. Although
    • D. Unless
  3. Virtually all doctors agree ____ a second diagnosis in the event of a potentially major disease.
    • A. that patients should seek
    • B. patients should be sought
    • C. patients they seek
    • D. patients that should seek
  4. ___ found in forests can possess deadly toxicity is an element of folk knowledge that has not been passed down to today’s general public.
    • A. Those certain mushrooms
    • B. That certain mushrooms
    • C. Despite it, certain are the mushrooms
    • D. Even though certain mushrooms
  5. ___ continue to pollute the ocean with all forms of contamination from sewage to solid wastes such as plastic containers remains a mystery to environmentalists.
    • A. Although people
    • B. Why people
    • C. People that
    • D. Those people that
  6. ____ and have low refractive indices, low dielectric constants, and low surface tensions has long been known by chemists.
    • A. Those fluorocarbons are more volatile and denser than corresponding hydrocarbons
    • B. That fluorocarbons are more volatile and denser than corresponding hydrocarbons
    • C. While fluorocarbons are more volatile and denser than corresponding hydrocarbons
    • D. When fluorocarbons are more volatile and denser than corresponding hydrocarbons
  7. ____ advances and broadens our understanding of the complex problems of soil fertility.
    • A. Whatever adds to the biochemical knowledge of soils
    • B. When it adds that to the biochemical knowledge of soils
    • C. While it is added to the biochemical knowledge of soils
    • D. Whomever adds to the biochemical knowledge of soils
  8. It is safe to say ____ does not exceed 25%.
    • A. because the average efficiency of the best steam engine
    • B. which the average efficiency of the best steam engine
    • C. that the average efficiency of the best steam engine
    • D. with the average efficiency of the best steam engine
  9. There is no doubt _____ correspond to the gill clefts which are used in connection with the breathing in fishes.
    • A. because of the minute slits which are seen in embryonic reptile and birds
    • B. despite the fact that the minute slits which are seen in embryonic reptile and birds
    • C. if the minute slits which are seen in embryonic reptile and birds
    • D. that the minute slits which are seen in embryonic reptiles and birds
  10. Blame for the invention of nuclear weapons must fall upon ____.
    • A. however conceived their invention in the first place
    • B. whenever conceived their invention in the first place
    • C. whatsoever conceived their invention in the first place
    • D. whoever conceived their invention in the first place
  11. In __, the crime rate has begun to drop due to neighborhood
    • A. the past few years
    • B. few years
    • C. a few years ago
    • D. a few years since
  12. Three responsibilities ____ are to search out, identify, and assess patentable inventions and technologies.
    • A. to a patent manager
    • B. on a patent manager
    • C. with a patent manager
    • D. of a patent manager
  13. Disappointingly, many software companies have discovered a limited audience for ____ from the couch.
    • A. Web surfing
    • B. to Web surf
    • C. Web to surf
    • D. Web surfs
  14. Shooting stars, otherwise known as meteorites, often fall to Earth in a pattern dictated ____ and Earth rotation.
    • A. to solar winds
    • B. on solar winds
    • C. by solar winds
    • D. which solar winds
  15. Ink stains, commonly regarded ____ difficult stains to remove, will not succumb to the usual array of detergents and cleaners found in supermarkets.
    • A. as the most
    • B. in the most
    • C. to the most
    • D. through the most
  16. Examples of selective use ____ are found in commercial leaf removal prior to harvest in the cotton and sugar beet industries. A. of defoliants C. by defoliants B. in defoliants D. through defoliants

  17. Ethyl cyanoacetate is derived ____ of an alkali cyanide and chloroacetic ethyl ester. A. at the reaction C. from the reaction
    B. to the reaction D. above the reaction

  18. On the second level of mammalian evolution, that ____ mammals or marsupials, the eggs are practially yolkless. A. to the pouching C. of the pouched B. in the pouches D. by the pouchable

  19. Foraging ants make a network ____ around the nest. A. inside roads C. by roads B. of roads D. to roading

  20. _____ its richness and varied coloring, Schubert’s Symphony in C has enjoyed a deserved reputation among classical music lovers. A. Renowning by C. Renownable to B. Renowned for D. Renowning with

  21. ____ was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics for his work on the photoelectric effect. A. That Einstein C. It was Einstein B. Einstein who D. Einstein

  22. ____ of Willa Catha present an unadorned picture of life on the prairies of the Midwestern United States during the 19th century. A. The stories who C. That the novels B. The novels which D. The novels

  23. Unlike the climate of the other islands of Hawaii, ____ Kona contains 54 different temperate zones. A. that of C. this is B. these are D. those that

  24. With few exceptions, ____ are warm-blooded, have live births, and are suckled with milk from their mother’s body. A. which mammals C. mammals B. mammals that D. mammals, they

  25. Among all the scientists of the 1930s, ____ was so suited to carry out the Manhattan project as J.Robert Oppenheimer. A. no scientists C. not who was a scientist B. none D. a scientist never he

  26. By the time of the appearance of “Paulus”, ___was widely recognized as the most famous living composer. A. it was Felix Mendelssohn B. Felix Mendelssohn who C. Felix Mendelssohn D. Felix Mendelssohn whom

  27. ____ is as widespread in the U.S.as the grey squirrel, an animal actually classified as a rodent. A. No mammal C. Not a mammal which B. None mammal D. Not a mammal that

  28. In the quiet of the woods, ____ sometimes hears the thrush breaking snail shells. A. the one B. one C. ones D. those ones

  29. ____ is a growing practice in cooperative farming associations to pool and sell the fruit as a common commodity under the brands of the association rather than to sell the fruit of each grower separately. A. There B. One C. It, which D. Why

  30. The ____ the forest reached their highest price in the 1980s. A. products of C. productions by B. producers to D. productibilities with

  31. Emma Thompson was nominated for an Academy Award as both a screenwriter ____ an actress in 1996 A. also B. or C. in addition D. and

  32. With neither a naturally aggressive disposition ____ particularly large size, the mimic octopus survives quite easily because of its natural adaptations. A. and a B. with its C. nor a D. or its

  33. Above-ground swimming pools have ____ the flexibility of being able to be moved from place to place but also the efficiency of using less water than standard in-ground pools. A. that B. all C. in addition D. not only

  34. Life in the Sahara has many negative features including aridity and high temperatures but many positive aspects ____. A. in addition to C. as well D. coupled with B. plus

  35. As a universal language, Esperanto has never really gained widespread acceptance ____ its lack of native speakers. A. because C. as a result D. in order to B. due to

  36. Readily soluble in sulfuric and nitric acid, mercury is ____ birth defects can easily result from its ingestion by pregnant women. A. such poisonous that C. so poisonous that B. too poisonous that D. very poisonous that

  37. Synthetic polymers may be ____ thermoplastic or thermosetting depending on the action of tolylene diisocyanate. A. both B. as well as C. but also D. either

Answer Key: 1. A 2. B 3. A 4. B 5. B 6. B 7. A 8. C 9. D 10. D 11. A 12. D 13. A 14. B 15. A 16. A 17. C 18. C 19. B 20. B 21. D 22. D 23. A 24. B 25. B 26. C 27. A 28. B 29. A 30. A 31. D 32. C 33. A 34. B 35. B 36. B 37. D