Basic Sentence Correction: Encircle the best answers

  1. After the movie, John took his girlfriend out for desert, after desert John went home. Which answer below corrects the flawed sentence?
    • A. dessert after,
    • B. dessert, after,
    • C. dessert after
    • D. dessert. After
  2. While on their honeymoon Jack and Jill found a hill they could both climb. What correction is necessary to correct the sentence?
    • A. insert a semicolon “;”after honeymoon
    • B. insert a colon “:” after honeymoon
    • C. insert a comma “,” after honeymoon
    • D. insert a comma “,” after Jill
  3. The constituents of my county will likely elect chief Johnson for mayor. Which correction needs to be made to the sentence?
    • A. capitalize constituents
    • B. capitalize chief
    • C. capitalize mayor
    • D. capitalize constituents
  4. My brother not only won the world title, but has held that record for the last 3 years. Replace the underlined portion with the correct answer:
    • A. but has also held that record for the last 3 years.
    • B. but have held that record for the last 3 years.
    • C. but had held that record for the last 3 years.
    • D. it is correct as is.
  5. Apples are good for your health, but they’re quick to eat. Which answer below corrects the flawed sentence?
    • A. replace “but” with “and”
    • B. change “they’re” to “there”
    • C. change “your” to “you’re”
    • D. replace “but” with “or”

ANSWER KEY

  1. Correct Answer is D. “dessert. After”
    • The sentence has what is called a comma splice. A comma splice incorrectly joins two or more independent clauses with a comma. Independent clauses by definition are a complete sentence and therefore need a period. Dependent clauses, those that don’t finish a complete thought, would conversely need the comma.
      A dependent clause would read like this: “After John took his girlfriend out for dessert,” and would then follow with “he went home.” Together: “After John took his girlfriend out for dessert, he went home.”
  2. Correct Answer is C. Insert comma after honeymoon

  3. The correct answer is C. “capitalize chief” as the title is included with his name. Conversely, you would not capitalize the title of a person if it is not associated with his or her name. For instance, if it was Mayor Johnson, and elected for chief, Mayor would be capitalized and chief would not.

  4. The correct answer is A. “but has also held that record for the last 3 years” as the dependent clause included a comparison word or phrase, “not only” which needs it’s counterpart “but also” included in the remaining portion. Comparison words and phrases need a logical beginning and end to be true and complete. Other comparisons include either/or, neither/nor, both/and. Another example: “Son you either go to class, or you’re grounded.”

  5. Apples are good for your health, but they’re quick to eat. The answer is A, “replace but with and.” Both but and and are conjunctions of independent clauses, however but can only be used for two independent clauses that contrast each other. Correct usage: “Apples are good for your health, and they’re quick to eat.”