Essay 6: The Independence Of Parliament

Political writers have  a maxim: In contriving any system of government and fixing the checks and controls of the constitution, every man should be supposed a knave, and have only private interest in all his actions.

Therefore, it is a just political maxim, that every man must be supposed a knave:

  Therefore, we should always consider the separate interest of each court and each order when: If we find that, by the skilful division of power, this interest concurs with public, we may pronounce that government is wise and happy.

It have surprised such a genius as Cicero, or Tacitus, to have been told that in a future age, there should arise a very regular system of mixed government.

But, in this opinion, experience shews they would have been mistaken.

How, therefore, shall we solve this paradox?

Instead then of asserting1 absolutely, that the dependence of parliament is an infringement of British liberty, the country-party should have:

But such a moderation is not to be expected in party-men of any kind.

All questions on the proper medium between extremes are difficult to be decided because:

But there is a peculiar difficulty in the present case, which would embarrass the most knowing and most impartial examiner.