Let me show in a figure how far our nature is enlightened or unenlightened:—Behold!
Glaucon: How could they see anything but the shadows if they were never allowed to move their heads?
If they could converse with one another, they would suppose that they were naming what was actually before them.
Clearly, he would first see the sun and then reason about him.
When he remembered his old habitation, and the wisdom of the den and his fellow-prisoners, he would be happy at the change, and pity them?
Yes, I think that he would rather suffer anything than entertain these false notions and live in this miserable manner.
Imagine once more, I said, such an one coming suddenly out of the sun to be replaced in his old situation.
But this is unjust.
You have again forgotten the intention of the legislator, who did not aim at making any one class in the State happy above the rest.
Impossible, for they are just men, and the commands which we impose upon them are just.
Yes, and there lies the point.
They are the men, and I will choose them.